Ju Hua : Chrysanthemum

Ju Hua : Chrysanthemum

chrysanthemum

Ju Hua, which is also known as Flos Chrysanthemi  or simply as chrysanthemum flower, is one of Traditional Chinese Medicine’s herbs to “release the exterior.” In the ancient natural medicine of China, diseases were thought of as energies that attacked the exterior of the body and worked their way inside. Sometimes the body could trap these “evil” energies in its outer layers so that they could only cause “outer” symptoms, like headache, neck ache, sore throat, or runny nose. Chrysanthemum flower was one of the herbs used to let a “wind evil” or “pernicious cold” go on its way back into nature so the body could be free of its symptoms.

 

Not surprisingly, there are many ways in which the scientifically documented actions of chrysanthemum flower illustrate its symbolic uses in Traditional Chinese Medicine. Here are just a few.

  • Ju Hua is mildly anesthetic. A chemical called N-isobutyl-6-(2-thienyl)-2E,4E-hexadienamide extracted from a species of chrysanthemum called  Chrysanthemum morifolium has relieves mild pain.[1]
  • Ju Hua is strongly antibacterial. The flowers and other above-ground parts of a species of chrysanthemum known as Chrysanthemum viscidehirtum contains a variety of essential oils that kill 21 kinds of bacteria, including Salmonella and Proteus, which cause food poisoning and persistent skin infections, respectively. [2]The important thing to understand about these essential oils is that they evaporate if the tea made with chrysanthemum is boiled. It has to be steeped in hot water, not in boiling water, and it’s best brewed in a pot, not in a cup.
  • Ju Hua is antiviral. A variety of compounds extracted from Chrysanthemum morifoliumare strongly active against HIV (and these compounds survive heating the herb in boiling water).[3] For other kinds of viral infections, including the viruses that cause herpes, chicken pox, and shingles, chrysanthemum flower is anti-inflammatory, fighting the effects of the virus if not the virus itself.[4]
  • Ju Hua is It does not stimulate the beta cells of the pancreas to release insulin.[5] Instead, plant chemicals in the herb make the muscles and liver more sensitive to insulin.[6] Both actions lower blood sugar levels, but increasing insulin sensitivity avoids the long-term problem of “burn out” of the insulin-making cells of the pancreas and also reduces weight gain.
  • Ju Hua fights gout. It contains chemicals that interfere with the enzyme xanthine oxidase,[7] which is involved in the production of the uric acid crystals that accumulate in joints and cause pain.
  • Ju Hua is part of an excellent natural mosquito repellant. It is the only natural product that is very nearly as effective as the commercial product DEET. In a field test in Ethiopia, a chrysanthemum flower extract repelled 96.0% of mosquitoes, compared to 97.9% for DEET.[8]

 

ju hua

Most Chinese herbs have to be consumed as teas along with other herbs prescribed by a doctor of Traditional Chinese Medicine. Ju Hua can be consumed beneficially all by itself as a refreshing tea. The key to making a healing herbal tea of Ju Hua is steeping the herb in hot water that is not yet boiling. Many of the essential oils that have healing properties are volatile and escape the tea if it is made with boiling water. It’s also best to make the tea in a teapot, not in a cup (unless you brew the tea with a plate over the top of the cup). Ju Hua tea can be enjoyed hot, warm, or iced. It is safe with any prescription drugs you make take and it does not react with any food.

 

 

 

 

[1] Shahat, A. A., Apers, S., Pieters, L., and Vlietinck, A. J. Isolation and complete NMR assignment of the numbing principle from Chrysanthemum morifolium. Fitoterapia 2001;72(1):89-91.

[2] Wang, H., Ye, X. Y., and Ng, T. B. Purification of chrysancorin, a novel antifungal protein with mitogenic activity from garland chrysanthemum seeds. Biol.Chem. 2001;382(6):947-951.

[3] Wang, H., Ye, X. Y., and Ng, T. B. Purification of chrysancorin, a novel antifungal protein with mitogenic activity from garland chrysanthemum seeds. Biol.Chem. 2001;382(6):947-951.

[4] Huang, C. J. and Wu, M. C. Differential effects of foods traditionally regarded as ‘heating’ and ‘cooling’ on prostaglandin E(2) production by a macrophage cell line. J Biomed Sci 2002;9(6 Pt 2):596-606.

[5] Hussain Z, Waheed A, Qureshi RA, et al. The effect of medicinal plants of Islamabad and Murree region of Pakistan on insulin secretion from INS-1 cells. Phytother Res 2004;18:73-7.

[6] Chen, S. H., Sun, Y. P., and Chen, X. S. [Effect of jiangtangkang on blood glucose, sensitivity of insulin and blood viscosity in non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus]. Zhongguo Zhong.Xi.Yi.Jie.He.Za Zhi. 1997;17(11):666-668.

[7] Kong LD, Cai Y, Huang WW, et al. Inhibition of xanthine oxidase by some Chinese medicinal plants used to treat gout. J Ethnopharmacol 2000;73:199-207.

[8] Hadis M, Lulu M, Mekonnen Y, Asfaw T. Field trials on the repellent activity of four plant products against mainly Mansonia population in western Ethiopia. Phytother Res 2003;17:202-5.

 

DISCLAIMER

The information and reference materials contained here are intended solely for the general information of the reader. It is not to be used for treatment purposes, but rather for discussion with the patient’s own physician. The information presented here is not intended to diagnose health problems or to take the place of professional medical care.

Thanks and graduate for reading this blog if you would like to discuss your individual needs, please feel free to email info@roddsanchez.com.au or 02 8213 2888. 

Sydney Acupuncture & Sydney Chinese Herbal Medicine

Gan Cao – Licorice – Glycyrrhiza

Gan caoGan Cao – Licorice – Glycyrrhiza

 

Licorice / Gan Cao  in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Licorice is a common herbal tonic in Traditional Chinese Medicine. Appearing in hundreds of herbal formulas, this familiar root with the unforgettable taste comes in two forms:

Gan Cao (甘草), raw, unprocessed licorice root, and

Zhi Gan Cao (炙甘草), “honey-fried,” processed licorice root.

The distinction makes a difference in how the herbs work to support health.

Raw licorice, Gan Cao, has a “raw” effect on the movement of the mysterious energy called Chi. Raw licorice adds energy to the Spleen, which is a metaphor for the general digestive function.  When the digestive tract does not have the energy to complete the digestion of food, and is releasing undigested food through loose bowels, raw licorice gives it extra energy so that diarrhea stops. When the abdomen does not have the energy to hold its muscles in their normal relationship, raw licorice energizes them to stop spasms and pain. Raw licorice also detoxifies substances that take the body’s normal Chi. And it “guides” the energies of other herbs in a formula into their proper Chi channels.

Processed licorice, Zhi Gan Cao, is usually a “made to order” item in a Chinese herbal apothecary. It doesn’t sit around for months waiting to be sold. It’s cooked, usually in honey, for immediate use.

honey fried Gan cao

The process of “frying” the herb in honey enables Zhi Gan Cao to “harmonize” other energies, not just those of the digestive tract, but also those of the heart. Zhi Gan Cao might be added to a formula when one of the symptoms is a weak pulse, or low blood pressure. But it may also be added to a formula when one of the symptoms is melancholy, not having the “heart” to face a life situation.

It turns out that the traditional understanding of licorice in energy terms mirrors the modern scientific understanding of licorice in pharmaceutical terms.

Taking Too Much Licorice for Too Long Can Result in Hypertension and Hypokalemia

It’s well known from medical observation that taking using too much raw licorice (Gan Cao) per day or processed licorice (Zhi Gan Cao) in herbal teas can have two untoward effects. First of all, there can be high blood pressure, sometimes dangerously high blood pressure. This is the natural result of “energizing” the heart. Secondly, the body responds to licorice by lowering potassium levels. The resulting hypokalemia (low serum potassium) can result in a variety of heart-related problems, including ventricular tachycardia and in some cases ventricular fibrillation followed by cardiac arrest. Perturbations of potassium levels can cause weakness, swelling, and occasionally encephalopathy, swelling of the brain.

How much Gan Cao / licorice is too much?

  • If you don’t have an underlying health problem, it is generally dangerous to take more than 20 g of licorice per day in teas for more than six weeks. If you don’t have high blood pressure, you may develop it.[1]
  • The life-threatening manifestations of licorice poisoning occur only after consumption of vastly more licorice than any practitioner of Traditional Chinese Medicine would ever prescribe. There is a case report of a woman who recovered from brainstem swelling and muscle breakdown after taking licorice—but she was using a pound (about 450 grams) a day, not the 5 to 15 grams a day that would appear in a professionally prescribed herbal formula.[2] It’s important to remember that licorice is a “medicine,” not a food.
  • To be on the safe side, most authorities recommend that people who already have high blood pressure should not take more than 5 g of licorice per day in teas or herbal formulas. If you have high blood pressure, a professionally trained herbalist will notice, and will not prescribe you too much. But you do need to be able to remember how much licorice you have already had in any given day before you take more. If you have memory problems, leave licorice alone.[3]

What’s Gan Cao / Licorice Good For?

Don’t let the fact that licorice has to be taken in moderate amounts discourage you from using it with professional guidance to support good health. Here are some of the evidence-based applications of the herb:gan cao

  • Licorice extracts can relieve hot flashes associated with menopause. A clinical trial in Iran found that taking 1140 mg of licorice extract a day was more effective at reducing the duration of hot flashes than estrogen replacement therapy, but that estrogen replacement therapy was more effective than licorice for reducing the frequency and severity of hot flashes. Both products work, but they work in different ways.[4] Extract taken 1140 mg a day is usually a safe dose of licorice for women who don’t already have high blood pressure.
  • Licorice creams fight eczema. Both traditional herbal teas and skin creams that contain licorice will relieve itching and redness caused by eczema or atopic dermatitis, but there’s no dangerous of overdose if you use the cream. Clinical studies prove that the creams work. In one clinical trial, applying gel formulations containing 1% or 2% licorice root extract three times daily for 2 weeks seems to reduce erythema by 35% to 61%, edema by 57% to 84%, and itching by 44% to 73%. The stronger, 2% licorice cream works better than the 1% cream.[5]
  • Licorice teas relieve indigestion. Clinical testing in Germany has shown that various herbal teas that contain licorice and peppermint as their main ingredients relieve acid reflux, belching, flatulence, vomiting, and diarrhea. What’s important to remember is that these teas don’t contain just licorice. They also contain other herbs such as the previously mentioned peppermint, and caraway, lemon balm, or the oddly named clown’s mustard. [6]Use a commercial product that has already measured out these herbs for you. Take it after meals.
  • Using deglycyrrhizinated licorice (DGL) as a mouthwash relieves the pain of canker sores fast. The kind of licorice you use for canker sores is neither Gan Cao or Zhi Gan Cao. It’s an extract of licorice that has removed the glycyrrhizin that can interfere with potassium balance. It’s safe to swallow the mouthwash as long as it is made with DGL, not any other form of licorice. A clinical trial in India found that DGL mouthwashes relieved canker sore pain in 75% of patients in just one day, and completely healed canker sores in 75% of patients in three days.[7]
  • Licorice creams can also lighten age spots, although you won’t find an effective product that contains just Applying a topical cream (Clariderm Clear, Stiefel Laboratories Inc., Guarulhos, SP, Brazil) containing licorice, emblica, and belides twice daily for 60 days is as effective as a cream containing 2% hydroquinone for lightening the skin in patients with age spots (melasma). The advantage of this herbal product over the more commonly used hydroquinone is that the herbs remove brown pigments without the side effect (usually on people with golden skin tones) of adding blue pigment.[8]

Licorice / Gan Cao in Herbal Products Best Used Under a Doctor’s Supervision

There are also specialized uses of licorice with other herbs that get remarkable results, but you can only get these products from your doctor.

  • Stabilizing hepatitis C. Stronger Minophagen C is a prescription formulation of glycyrrhizin extracted from licorice that stops liver damage caused by hepatitis C long enough to stabilize patients so they can receive other treatments. It has to be given by IV, but it reduces mortality from hepatitis C by about 50%.[9] Used long-term, it also reduces the risk of liver cancer in people who have active hepatitis C.[10]
  • Lowering cholesterol. A preliminary clinical trial found that taking 100 mg of licorice extract every day for a month one month reduced plasma total cholesterol levels by 5%, plasma low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol levels by 9%, and plasma triglyceride levels by 14% compared with baseline in patients with moderately high cholesterol.[11] You could try this on your own, but don’t use any licorice product for high cholesterol for more than one month at a time, and keep your consumption of extract limited to 100 mg a day.

There are even more exciting applications of licorice in combination with other herbs that you would get through a medically trained doctor of both western and Traditional Chinese Medicine. The licorice based formula sho-saiko-to has clinically proven efficacy against hepatitis B, although it absolutely, positively must not be given to people who have had interferon treatment.  Licorice and Peony Decoction can affect not just how women lactate, but also how they relate to their babies. Dozens of formulas that contain licorice can be useful in treating inflammatory bowel disease, peptic and duodenal ulcers, and irritable bowel syndrome.

But don’t attempt to use complex formulas entirely on your own. See a specialist trained in herbal medicine. Take advantage of the best professional health to get the best results of licorice in its many forms for supporting your good health.

[1] Sigurjonsdottir HA, Ragnarsson J, Franzson L, Sigurdsson G. Is blood pressure commonly raised by moderate consumption of liquorice? J Hum Hypertens 1995;9:345-8.

[2] Chatterjee, N., Domoto-Reilly, K., Fecci, P. E., Schwamm, L. H., and Singhal, A. B. Licorice-associated reversible cerebral vasoconstriction with PRES. Neurology 2010;75(21):1939-1941.

[3] Janse A, van Iersel M, Hoefnagels WH, Olde Rikker MG. The old lady who liked liquorice: hypertension due to chronic intoxication in a memory-impaired patient. Neth J Med 2005;63:149-50.

[4] Menati L, Khaleghinezhad K, Tadayon M, Siahpoosh A. Evaluation of contextual and demographic factors on licorice effects on reducing hot flashes in postmenopause women.Health Care Women Int. 2014 Jan;35(1):87-99. doi: 10.1080/07399332.2013.770001. Epub 2013 May 10. PMID: 23663094.

[5] Saeedi, M., Morteza-Semnani, K., and Ghoreishi, M. R. The treatment of atopic dermatitis with licorice gel. J Dermatolog Treat 2003;14(3):153-157.

[6] Madisch A, Holtmann G, Mayr G, et al. Treatment of functional dyspepsia with a herbal preparation. A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, multicenter trial. Digestion 2004;69:45-52.

[7] Das SK, Das V, Gulati AK, and et al. Deglycyrrhizinated liquorice in aphthous ulcers. J Assoc Physicians India 1989;37(10):647.

[8] Costa, A., Moises, T. A., Cordero, T., Alves, C. R., and Marmirori, J. Association of emblica, licorice and belides as an alternative to hydroquinone in the clinical treatment of melasma. An Bras Dermatol 2010;85(5):613-620.

[9] Acharya SK, Dasarathy S, Tandon A, et al. A preliminary open trial on interferon stimulator (SNMC) derived from Glycyrrhiza glabra in the treatment of subacute hepatic failure. Indian J Med Res 1993;98:69-74.

[10] Arase, Y., Ikeda, K., Murashima, N., Chayama, K., Tsubota, A., Koida, I., Suzuki, Y., Saitoh, S., Kobayashi, M., and Kumada, H. The long term efficacy of glycyrrhizin in chronic hepatitis C patients. Cancer 1997;79(8):1494-1500.

[11] Fuhrman, B., Volkova, N., Kaplan, M., Presser, D., Attias, J., Hayek, T., and Aviram, M. Antiatherosclerotic effects of licorice extract supplementation on hypercholesterolemic patients: increased resistance of LDL to atherogenic modifications, reduced plasma lipid levels, and decreased systolic blood pressure. Nutrition 2002;18(3):268-273.

 

DISCLAIMER

The information and reference materials contained here are intended solely for the general information of the reader. It is not to be used for treatment purposes, but rather for discussion with the patient’s own physician. The information presented here is not intended to diagnose health problems or to take the place of professional medical care.

Thanks and graduate for reading this blog if you would like to discuss your individual needs, please feel free to email info@roddsanchez.com.au or 02 8213 2888. 

Sydney Acupuncture & Sydney Chinese Herbal Medicine

Chai Hu, aka Bupleurum

Chai  Hu

Leaves and flowers of Bupleurum gibraltaricum

The Chinese herb Chai Hu, also known by its botanical name Bupleurum falcatum or just as “bupleurum”, is a mainstay of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM). TCM uses bupleurum as one of many ingredients in herbal formulas, although scientific researchers have found unique uses for single unique components of the plant.

What Is Chai Hu?

Chai Hu is an Asian member of the same plant family as carrots and parsley. It flowers in umbels, spherical clusters of dozens of tiny flowers that appear at the top of the plant. This herb was not used in TCM in ancient times, but it has appeared in dozens of herbal “recipes” over the last 500 years.

What Is the Traditional Understanding of How Chai Hu Works?

Traditional Chinese Medicine described the effects of herbs in terms of metaphors that guided practitioners to practical uses of plants. Chai Hu was described as a “cooling” plant. That does not mean it literally lowered temperature. Instead, it corrected hyperactive energies.

In the “Liver,” which[according to TCM] ancient herbalists understood as the place emotions were stored, Chai Hu relieved blockages or stagnation of the Qi energy. Chai Hu was included into a formula to assist release emotion constraints,  so that they did not congeal into physical problems in other parts of the body. These constraints of of Liver Qi energy would and could manifest at liver, breasts and or eyes conditions .

In the “Spleen,” Chai Hu contributed to reduce the effects of gastrointestinal upset. It stopped vomiting, relieved pressure on the chest and took away [any] bitter or metallic tastes that linger in the mouth.

Chai Hu also helped the Qi flow through a channel called the Middle Jiao. It has an upwards lifting effect thus helping with formulas to assist  uterine prolapse and hemorrhoids.

Why Are Medical Scientists Interested in Chai Hu Formulas Today?

Researchers are looking at novel uses of this ancient herb. One team of researchers ( Lorrai I, et al 2017) investigating the use of a chemical component of the plant, a saikosaponin, as a method treating chocolate addiction. [1] Another group of scientists is refining another chemical in Chai Hu as an antidote for panadol poisoning.[2] Yet another research team is using Chai Hu as a natural biofactory to create gold nanoparticles, which creates highly bioactive enzymes.[3]

It has turned out that ancient herbal formulas that contain bupleurum have some remarkable, clinically tested effects when they are used to treat illness as conventional, scientific medicine understands it.

Xiao Chai Hu Tang, which is also known by its Japanese name, sho-saiko-to, and by its English name, Minor Bupleurum Decoction, has a major impact in treating medically defined liver diseases.  Clinical trials have found that this bupleurum formula slows the destruction of liver tissue by fibrosis and fatty infiltration. [In a study by [insert], it was shown to reduce] It reduces the risk of liver cancer in people who have chronic viral hepatitis. [4] A clinical trial at Sloan-Kettering Hospital In New York City confirmed that it slowed the progression of hepatitis C in patients who were [unsuitable] not candidates for interferon (this formula must not be used with interferon) or modern treatments like Sovaldi.[5] A variation of this formula is used to help children reduce the symptoms of tonsillitis to reduce the the possibility of a tonsillectomy  and it has also been used to stop life-threatening symptoms of toxic shock.[6]

Major Bupleurum Decoction, Da Chai Hu Tang, also known by its Japanese name dai-saiko-to,  is clinically demonstrated to relieve severe menstrual cramps.[7] And bupleurum is one of a number of ingredients in a Japanese herbal formula called bofu-tsusho-san, which aid people who have diabetes lose weight.

What Can Go Wrong with Chai Hu?

(Bupleurum )

There is one prominent drug interaction with Chai Hu (bupleurum). People who take interferon should never take any kind of formula that contains Chai Hu. Other than that, the problem with formulas that contain Chai Hu is most likely to be that it works too well.  People who take Chai Hu formulas to prevent vomiting may find they have no appetite at all. People who take Chai Hu formulas to prevent anxiety or tension may find it just a little too easy to, for instance, curl up and take a nap. Used with professional guidance, however, Chai Hu formulas can be remarkably effective.  [Insert something about always disclose to your doctor any herbal medicine/anything you take]

[1] Lorrai I, Maccioni P, Carai MA, Capra A, Castelli MP, Riva A, Morazzoni P, Gessa GL, Colombo G. Suppressing effect of saikosaponin A, an active ingredient of Bupleurum falcatum, on chocolate self-administration and reinstatement of chocolate seeking in rats. Neurosci Lett. 2017 Jan 18;638:211-217. doi: 10.1016/j.neulet.2016.12.019. Epub 2016 Dec 19. PMID: 28007642.

[2] Liu A, Tanaka N, Sun L, Guo B, Kim JH, Krausz KW, Fang Z, Jiang C, Yang J, Gonzalez FJ. Saikosaponin d protects against acetaminophen-induced hepatotoxicity by inhibiting NF-κB and STAT3 signaling.

Chem Biol Interact. 2014 Nov 5;223:80-6. doi: 10.1016/j.cbi.2014.09.012. Epub 2014 Sep 27.

PMID: 25265579.

[3] Lee YJ, Cha SH, Lee KJ, Kim YS, Cho S, Park Y. Plant Extract (Bupleurum falcatum) as a Green Factory for Biofabrication of Gold Nanoparticles. Nat Prod Commun. 2015 Sep;10(9):1593-6. PMID: 26594767.

[4] Lee JK, Kim JH, Shin HK. Therapeutic effects of the oriental herbal medicine Sho-saiko-to on liver cirrhosis and carcinoma. Hepatol Res. 2011 Sep;41(9):825-37. doi: 10.1111/j.1872-034X.2011.00829.x. Epub 2011 Jun 17.

PMID: 21682829.

[5] Morgan TR. Chemoprevention of hepatocellular carcinoma in chronic hepatitis C. Recent Results Cancer Res. 2011;188:85-99. doi: 10.1007/978-3-642-10858-7_7. Review. PMID: 21253791.

[6] Sakaguchi S, Furusawa S, Iizuka Y. Preventive effects of a traditional Chinese medicine (Sho-saiko-to) on septic shock symptoms; approached from heme metabolic disorders in endotoxemia. Biol Pharm Bull. 2005 Jan;28(1):165-8. PMID: 15635185.

[7] Horiba Y, Yoshino T, Watanabe K. Daisaikoto for menstrual pain: a lesson from a case with menstrual pain successfully treated with daisaikoto. Case Rep Med. 2015;2015:929514. doi: 10.1155/2015/929514. Epub 2015 Feb 22. PMID: 25792985.

 

DISCLAIMER

The information and reference materials contained here are intended solely for the general information of the reader. It is not to be used for treatment purposes, but rather for discussion with the patient’s own physician. The information presented here is not intended to diagnose health problems or to take the place of professional medical care.

Thanks and graduate for reading this blog if you would like to discuss your individual needs, please feel free to email info@roddsanchez.com.au or 02 8213 2888. 

Rodd Sanchez Sydney acupuncture and Chinese medicine 

Suan Mei Tang : Sour Drink : Sydney Chinese Herbal

Suan Mei Tang 酸梅汤 – Sour plum drink

If you have been in the clinic in the past month or so, you may have tried the sour drink, which we have been cooking recently. Not only is it tasty but it is fabulous to stimulate your digestive juices. This sour plum drink (Suan Mei Tang)  is great for breaking down fats, lowering cholesterol and enjoying with any meal .

 

Below is the simple ingredients and process to make your own at home. The herbs can be purchased from the Sydney Acupuncture clinic

Ingredients for Suan Mei Tang 

3 or 4 sour dried black plums (wumei)

Small handful sliced dried hawthorn fruits (shanzha)

Small handful sliced dried licorice root (gancao)

4 cups filtered water

2 hunks of rock sugar (the size of walnuts)

2 tablespoons dried osmanthus blossoms (guihua)

 

  1. Place the plums, hawthorn fruits, licorice root, in a sieve and rinse them well under running water. Shake them dry and place them in a clay pot. Pour 4 cups filtered water over the dry ingredients and let them soak for at least an hour to plump them up.

 

  1. Bring the pot to a full boil, and then lower the heat to a gentle simmer for about 1 hour. Add the rock sugar and optional salt, and simmer the infusion until the sugar melts; taste and add more if you want. Add either the osmanthus blossoms then let the infusion come to room temperature.

 

  1. Chill it overnight to allow the flavours to develop. Strain and add enough ice water to make 4 cups, or to taste. Serve icy cold without any ice.

 

Individual Herb Property and Action

Wu Mei : Property> Sour, astringent, neutral; liver, spleen, lung, and large intestine meridians entered.  

Actions> Astringe intestines to check diarrhea, astringe lung to check cough, promote the generation of fluid.

Shan Zha : Property> Sour, sweet, slightly warm; spleen, stomach and liver meridian entered.

Actions>Promote digestion and dissipate food stagnation, activate blood and resolve stasis.

Gan Cao: Property> Sweet, slightly cold; heart, lung and spleen meridians entered.

Actions> Tonify qi of heart and spleen, dispel phlegm, relieve cough and dyspnoea, relieve spasm and pain, clear heat and relieve toxicity, and harmonize property of medicine.

 

 

DISCLAIMER

The information and reference materials contained here are intended solely for the general information of the reader. It is not to be used for treatment purposes, but rather for discussion with the patient’s own physician. The information presented here is not intended to diagnose health problems or to take the place of professional medical care.

Thanks and graduate for reading this blog if you would like to discuss your individual needs, please feel free to email info@roddsanchez.com.au or 02 8213 2888. 

Rodd Sanchez Sydney acupuncture and Chinese medicine 

Gan Mai Da Zao Tang

GAN MAI DA ZAO TANGgan mai da zao tang

English name for this formula : Licorice, Wheat, and Jujube Decoction; Glycyrrhiza-Triticum-Ziziphus Decoction.

Gan Mai Da Zao Tang formulation comes from Jin Gui Yao Lue (Essential Prescriptions of the Golden Coffer) text. written by Zhang Zhongjing (150-219) at the end of the Eastern Han dynasty and was first published in the Northern Song dynasty.

This formulation is now available in clinic in both cooked fresh daily or in dry form so you can make your own at home

PATTERN

Malnourishment of the heart spirit (due to an underlying liver-spleen disharmony)

Actions:

The functions of this Chinese medicine formula are to nourish the heart and calm the spirit while harmonizing the middle jiao. This Traditional Chinese Medicine  Herbal formula is best suited for conditions of excessive worry, anxiety or pensiveness injuring heart yin and disturbing normal liver Qi flow. Due to the liver Qi being affected there is commonly spleen disorders present in this pattern of disease.

 

 

INDICATIONS

1) neurological and psychiatric disorders, such as general anxiety disorder, hysteria, epilepsy, paediatric night terrors, attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder, sleep-walking, and migraine headaches;

2) spasmodic disorders, such as spasmodic cough, Parkinson’s disease, gastric spasms, and spasms of the extremities

3) disorders of the electrical system of the heart, including sinus tachycardia and ectopic heartbeats

 

SIGNS & SYMPTOMS OF MALNOURISHMENT OF THE HEART INCLUDE

 

* Insomnia

* Possible night sweats

* Anxiety

* Restlessness

* Heart palpitations

* Sighing

* Depression and melancholy

 

fu xiao mai

FORMULA EXPLANATION

Gan Cao (Radix Glycyrrhizae Uralensis, Licorice Root) -nourish heart, harmonize middle jiao

Fu Xiao Mai (Semen Tritici Aestivi Levis, Light Wheat Grain (unripe Wheat)) -tonify Qi, nourish yin, regulates heart

Da Zao (Fructus Ziziphi Jujubae, Chinese Date, Jujube) -tonify Qi, nourish fluids

Other modifications

We can also add YU JIN – Radix Curcumae, YUAN ZHI – Radix Polygalae Tenuifoliae, SHI CHANG PU – Rhizoma Acori

Calm & Ease Decoction / Gan Mai Da Zao Wan(Tang)Gan Mai Da Zao Tang ( Calm & Ease Decoction ) is a classical formula…

Posted by Sydney Acupuncturist Rodd Sanchez on Monday, 10 April 2017

DISCLAIMER

The information and reference materials contained here are intended solely for the general information of the reader. It is not to be used for treatment purposes, but rather for discussion with the patient’s own physician. The information presented here is not intended to diagnose health problems or to take the place of professional medical care.

Thanks and graduate for reading this blog if you would like to discuss your individual needs, please feel free to email info@roddsanchez.com.au or 02 8213 2888. 

Rodd Sanchez Sydney acupuncture and Chinese medicine 

Mushroom and Yi Yi Ren Soup

Mushroom and Yi Yi Ren Soup

Following from our last newsletter I wanted to share one of my fav mushroom and yi yi ren soup. Pick this up from a site many years ago and have made it many time with loads of modifications. Yi Yi Ren (also known as coix or Job’s tears or Chinese pearl barley) is also part of the soup. Some research has found that this is a gluten free ingredient even though one of the names for it is barley. It is one of the allowed foods by the NIDDK (National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases).  The Chinese herbal medicinal use of Yi YI Ren is to reduce swelling, however the elders do not recommend eating large amounts of yi yi ren when pregnant. It is best for any other time when you want to retain less water.

Mushrooms are key to making that umami taste (rich, savory, and earthy), thus three types of mushroom – king trumpet, shiitake, and miyatake (button mushrooms) but of course you can use any type of mushroom.

Ingredients

Stock

1kg of carrots, washed, trimmed and rough chopped

1kg onion, chopped

125g. of ginger, washed, sliced, or crushed

500g. dried shiitake mushrooms, rehydrated and rinsedmushroom

500g of napa cabbage (wombok), washed and rough chopped

125g. of dried bok choy, rehydrated and rinsed three times

7.5 l of water

1 honey date, rinsed

 Soup

1kg king oyster mushrooms

500g  fresh shiitake mushrooms

500g  brown beech or oyster mushrooms

180g. dried yiyiren, rinsed 3 times and soaked for at least 4 hours

90g  lotus nut rinsed and soaked

Directionsyi yi yren

Soak the barley and lotus seed for 4 hours. They can be soaked together. Drain.

Meanwhile, combine stock ingredients in a soup pot and bring to a boil. Simmer for 2 hours then strain all the stock ingredients out of the soup. Use a fine mesh strainer to get clear stock.

Add barley and lotus to the stock and simmer for 30 minutes.

Meanwhile, dice all the mushrooms into small pieces. Toss the mushrooms with some oil. Saute the mushrooms and deglaze with rice wine. Or, broil the mushrooms. Add the mushrooms to the soup and simmer for another 20 minutes.

The soup is done when the stock looks cloudy and the pearl barley are soft.