The first source of light used for medical treatments was sunlight. The use of sunlight for medical treatments is known as heliotherapy. The first anecdotal records indicate that the use of heliotherapy dates from about 1400 B.C. Hindus treated patients with skin disorders using different plants followed by exposure to sunlight. Hippocrates, who lived in the IV century B.C., recommended sunlight to treat a variety of diseases. Ancient Egyptian, Greek, Roman and Arab physicians integrated light therapy in general medical treatments. Although many ancient physicians believed that the therapeutic effect of sunlight was due to the heat of the sun, there was no scientific explanation for sunlight therapy at that time.
At the end of the 19th century, heliotherapy was recognised by many physicians. In 1903 in Leysin, Switzerland, Dr. Rollier opened the first hospital for the treatment of tuberculosis and rachitis with sun exposure. In 1914 he published a book “La Cure du Soleil”, in which he reported his results with heliotherapy.
“Open-air” exposure to natural sunlight was widely used for the treatment of wounds during the First World War (1914-1918) and the Second World War (1939-1945) in the United Kingdom, Italy, France and Germany.
From Heliotherapy To Phototherapy And A Nobel Prize In Medicine
Important therapeutic effects of sunlight prompted many researchers to develop and use filtered solar radiation and artificial light sources. Thus, phototherapy had become an alternative to heliotherapy.
In 1893, the Danish physician Niels Ryberg Finsen developed one of the first devices capable of producing technically synthesized “sunlight”. There are clear advantages of technically synthesized light: parameters such as intensity and emitted light spectrum are controllable. In the period from 1895 to 1903, he treated more than 950 patients with lupus vulgaris (tuberculosis of the skin) using filtered, technically synthesized “sunlight”.
In 1903 he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Medicine for his research in light therapy and exceptional therapeutic results. Dr. Finsen hence is considered to be the founder of modern light therapy.
At the beginning of the development of photomedicine, mostly infrared and ultraviolet parts of the spectrum were used in light therapy. In early 1980s, a team of scientists developed the idea of creating a light source that is originally based on laser technology but works with almost the whole range of visible light and a portion of infrared light.
The polarization of light was considered an important parameter responsible for biostimulative effects. The BIOPTRON Light Therapy System was designed based on this technology.
he BIOPTRON Light therapy Pro I is the medium-sized Light Therapy device in the BIOPTRON model range. It has a filter diameter of 11cm and a light-coverage area (spot size) of about 154cm². It is designed for use at home, in hospitals and in therapeutic centres. The Pro 1 is available either with a fully functional floor stand and / or an ergonomic table stand allowing flexible use in domestic and professional environments.
Easily adjustable height and head inclination as well as the ability to rotate the device head up to 360° allows for convenient usage for nearly any position. Treatments can be easily timed by a digital control panel down to 30 seconds. An integrated distance rod ensures the recommended distance to the skin surface. The table stand is additionally equipped with a dust cover and a comfortable supportive mat (disinfectable, exchangeable and washable).
The filter diameter of the BIOPTRON Light therapy Pro 1 (approx. 11 cm) allows the treatment of small as well as bigger areas. The BIOPTRON Pro 1 guarantees highest comfort in any applications and like the other BIOPTRON Light Therapy devices is very easy to use.
Bioptron For Pain Relief
BIOPTRON has proved to be effective for the relief of chronic and acute pain in many areas. Treatments are simple and of relatively short duration – simply focus the BIOPTRON Light over the affected area for a period of 4 – 10 minutes (see Bioptron Treatment Guidelines for instructions regarding various specific pain treatments). Light therapy is believed to reduce the pain sensation in several ways:
• Improving local blood supply and reducing muscle spasm
• Reducing the release of certain body chemicals that stimulate pain receptors (called an anti-inflammatory effect)
• Inducing the release of endorphins, the body’s own natural pain-killing agents
• Direct action on nerve fibres to prevent transmission of pain impulses to the brain
BIOPTRON Light Therapy is safe. To date, through millions of therapeutic applications, there are no known adverse effects associated with BIOPTRON Light Therapy.